Historically Cold Italy; U.S. Ski Industry Reports Record-Breaking 65.4 Million Skier Visits Last Season; + A Warning From History

Historically Cold Italy

Much of the European continent continues to endure anomalous and record-breaking summer chills. Today we’ll focus on Italyan MSM favorite earlier in the season when the country experienced a short-lived heatwave.

For the past few weeks the mercury has held well-below average across Italy, with rare and heavy summer snow accumulating over the nation’s higher elevations, including the Dolomites.

Yesterday (Aug 8), a string of monthly low temperature records fell across the country, including in Sardinia.

Here, a new summer low of 14.2C (57.6F) was posted at Capo Frasca, with historic and near-freezing readings observed at the island’s interior, such as the 0.9C (33.6F) at Ilorai, 1.8C (35.2F) at Gavoi and 2.7C (36.9F) at Villanova — all new August lows.

The mountainous snows are also persisting:

–Crickets from the MSM who continue to favor fear, dogma and agenda-driving drivel over unbiased reporting.

GFS 2m Temperature Anomalies (C) [tropicaltidbits.com].

U.S. Ski Industry Reports Record-Breaking 65.4 Million Skier Visits Last Season

The final skier visit numbers for the 2022-23 season have been calculated. NSAA reports a new record visitation of 65.4 million skiers and riders to U.S. slopes, besting last year’s number–the previous record in data extending back to 1978/79.

The figure was recently updated to take into account those resorts that extended their seasons into June, July, and even August.

So that’s back-to-back seasons of record-breaking skier visitations numbers, which signals that the U.S. ski industry is thriving.

Looking at the NSAA records, skier visitation numbers correlate with snowfall; more snow–duh–means more skier visits, and with at least 19 Western U.S. ski resorts registering their snowiest-ever seasons, and with snowpack nationally totaling 224” (a 30% the 173″ average), skier visits soared in tandem.

Additionally, the average length of the season ran 116 days in 2022/23, an increase of six days over the previous record season.

These are the inconvenient facts Jack — and here’s another: Despite the blistering–and much publicized–heat currently ‘domed’ over the southern United States, the country overall is seeing a cooler-than-average summer:

A Warning From History

Dr. Tony Phillips is a professional astronomer and science writer, best known for his authorship of the always excellent spaceweather.com. Below is an abridged version of his article: A WARNING FROM HISTORY–THE CARRINGTON EVENT WAS NOT UNIQUE.

On Sept. 1st, 1859, the most ferocious solar storm in recorded history engulfed our planet. It was “the Carrington Event,” named after British scientist Richard Carrington, who witnessed the flare that started it. The storm rocked Earth’s magnetic field, sparked auroras over Cuba, the Bahamas and Hawaii, set fire to telegraph stations, and wrote itself into history books as the Biggest. Solar. Storm. Ever.

But, sometimes, what you read in history books is wrong.

“The Carrington Event was not unique,” says Hisashi Hayakawa of Japan’s Nagoya University, whose recent study of solar storms has uncovered other events of comparable intensity. “While the Carrington Event has long been considered a once-in-a-century catastrophe, historical observations warn us that this may be something that occurs much more frequently.”

Drawings of the Carrington sunspot by Richard Carrington on Sept. 1, 1859, and (inset) Heinrich Schwabe on Aug. 27, 1859. [Ref]

Many previous studies of solar superstorms leaned heavily on Western Hemisphere accounts, omitting data from the Eastern Hemisphere. A good example is the great storm of mid-September 1770, when extremely bright red auroras blanketed Japan and parts of China. Captain Cook himself saw the display from near Timor Island, south of Indonesia.

Hayakawa and colleagues recently found drawings of the instigating sunspot, and it is twice the size of the Carrington sunspot group — paintings, dairy entries, and other newfound records, especially from China, depict some of the lowest-latitude auroras ever, spread over a period of 9 days.

An eyewitness sketch of red auroras over Japan in mid-September 1770. [Ref]

“We conclude that the 1770 magnetic storm was comparable to the Carrington Event, at least in terms of auroral visibility,” wrote Hayakawa and colleagues in a 2017 Astrophysical Journal Letter. Moreover, “the duration of the storm activity was much longer than usual.”

Hayakawa’s team has delved into the history of other storms as well, examining Japanese diaries, Chinese and Korean government records, archives of the Russian Central Observatory, and log-books from ships at sea–all helping to form a more complete picture of events.

They found that superstorms in Feb 1872 and May 1921 were also comparable to the Carrington Event, with similar magnetic amplitudes and widespread auroras: “This is likely happening much more often than previously thought,” says Hayakawa.

Oriental reports of a giant naked-eye sunspot group (left) and auroras (right) in Feb. 1872. [Ref]

We are overdue for another Carrington Event.

In fact, we likely just missed one.

In July 2012, NASA and European spacecraft watched an extreme solar storm erupt from the sun and narrowly miss Earth: “If it had hit,” announced Daniel Baker of the University of Colorado; “we would still be picking up the pieces.”

A modern-day Carrington Event would cause widespread power outages along with disruptions to navigation, air travel, banking, and all forms of digital communication. One is coming and it could very-well coincide with Solar Cycle 25, because while the majority of solar physicists are calling for SC25 to be another weak one, during the cycle’s build towards maximum (expected to peak in 2024/25) violent flarings and powerful coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are still all-but guaranteed.

Furthermore, and in a deeply unfortunate double-whammy, our planet’s magnetic field is waning at the same time, and has been doing so since 1850. Earth’s magnetosphere is our protection against space weather, and in line with the coming magnetic excursion/reversal/pole shift (coupled with an intensifying GSM) this rapid waning has increased ten-fold in recent years:

The year 2023 remains a good bet for the next Carrington Event. Activity on the Sun is firing sufficiently enough–with two X-flares escaping its surface this week–and an active Sun combined with Earth’s ever-depleting magnetic field strength spells trouble.

However, forecasts are forecasts and only time will tell.

One thing is more certain though: “History books, let the re-write begin,” Dr Phillips concludes.

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